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Melk Abbey

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Abbey
Location type: Abbey
Location address: Österreich, Melk, Melk
Number of texts: 6
5 stars
Made by DromosReference
Made by Dromos

Melk Abbey or Stift Melk is a Benedictine abbey, and one of the world’‘s most famous monastic sites.

Umberto Eco named one of the protagonists in his well-known novel The Name of the Rose as a tribute to the abbey and its famous library “Adso von Melk”.

The abbey was founded in 1089 when Leopold II, Margrave of Austria gave one of his castles to Benedictine monks from Lambach Abbey. A school was founded in the 12th Century, and the monastic library soon became renowned for its extensive manuscript collection. The monastery was also a major site for the production of manuscripts. In the 15th Century the abbey became the centre of the Melk Reform movement which reinvigorated the monastic life of Austria and Southern Germany.


The abbey managed to survive other threats to its existence during the Napoleonic Wars, and also in the period following the Nazi Anschluss (takeover) of Austria in 1938, when the school and a large part of the abbey were confiscated by the state.

Linked themes: History, World heritage, Abbeys, monasteries and cloisters, Film, Literature

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Made by wikipedia.org | Reference Jorgeroyan | © CC 3.0
Made by wikipedia.org | Reference Wikipedia.org | © CC 3.0

Melk Abbey (German: Stift Melk) is a Benedictine abbey in Austria, and among the world’s most famous monastic sites. It is located above the town of Melk on a rocky outcrop overlooking the Danube river in Lower Austria, adjoining the Wachau valley. The abbey contains the tomb of Saint Coloman of Stockerau and the remains of several members of the House of Babenberg, Austria’s first ruling dynasty.

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Made by Dromos | Reference National Geographic
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The Melk Abbey and the Wachau Valley were selected by the experts of National Geographic as the top location where historical heritage and tourism were mixed well.

Linked themes: Geography

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Made by Dromos
Made by Dromos

The Melk Abbey is located in the Valley of Wachau. The Wachau is a cultural landscape related to the wine industry.

Linked themes: Wine

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