Places of Interest nearby
- Münster Freiburg
- International Moss Stock Center
- Protestant University for Applied Sciences Freiburg
- Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE
- Fraunhofer Institute for High-Speed Dynamics
- Max Planck Institute of Immunobiology and Epigenetics
- University of Freiburg Faculty of Theology
- Kiepenheuer Institute for Solar Physics
Location address: Deutschland, Freiburg im Breisgau, Freiburg im Breisgau
Number of texts: 2
Freiburg im Breisgau (German pronunciation: [ˈfʁaɪ̯bʊʁk ʔɪm ˈbʁaɪ̯sgaʊ̯]; Alemannic: Friburg im Brisgau; French: Fribourg-en-Brisgau) is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany with a population of about 230,000 people. In the south-west of the country, it straddles the Dreisam river, at the foot of the Schlossberg. Historically, the city has acted as the hub of the Breisgau region on the western edge of the Black Forest in the Upper Rhine Plain. One of the famous old German university towns, and archiepiscopal seat, Freiburg was incorporated in the early twelfth century and developed into a major commercial, intellectual, and ecclesiastical center of the upper Rhine region. The city is known for its medieval university and minster, as well as for its high standard of living and advanced environmental practices. The city is situated in the heart of a major wine-growing region and serves as the primary tourist entry point to the scenic beauty of the Black Forest. According to meteorological statistics, the city is the sunniest and warmest in Germany and holds the German temperature record of 40.2 °C (104.4 °F). Although embedded in a large stretch of green surroundings, Freiburg is in the center of the Blue Banana, one of the world’s highest concentrations of people, money and industry.
Freiburg was founded in the 12th century as a free market town; hence its name This town was strategically located at a junction of trade routes between the Mediterranean Sea and the North Sea areas, and the Rhine and Danube rivers.
The silver mines in nearby Mount Schauinsland provided an important source of capital for Freiburg. This silver made Freiburg one of the richest cities in Europe, and in 1327 Freiburg minted its own coin, the Rappenpfennig.
At the end of the 14th century, the veins of silver were dwindling and by 1460, only around 6,000 people still lived within Freiburg’‘s city walls. A university city, Freiburg evolved from its focus on mining to become a cultural center for the arts and sciences.