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Wilhelm Schickard, inventor of the first calculating machines, was educated at the University of Tübingen. He studied theology and oriental languages at Tübingen until 1613. In 1613 he became a Lutheran minister continuing his work with the church until 1619 when he was appointed professor of Hebrew at the University of Tübingen. Later on he was also appointed professor of astronomy. His research was broad and included astronomy, mathematics and surveying. He invented many machines such as one for calculating astronomical dates and one for Hebrew grammar. He made significant advances in mapmaking, producing maps which were far more accurate than those which were previously available at the time.
Wilhelm Schickard died of the bubonic plague in Tübingen, October 24 in 1635.