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Location address: Deutschland, Landsberg am Lech, Landsberg am Lech
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Landsberg Prison is a penal facility located in the town of Landsberg am Lech in the southwest of the German state of Bavaria, about 65 kilometres west of Munich and 35 kilometres south of Augsburg.
The prison was used by Allied power during the Occupation of Germany for holding Nazi War Criminals. In 1946 General Joseph T. McNarney, commander in chief, U.S. Forces of Occupation in Germany renamed Landsberg: War Criminal Prison Nr. 1. The Americans closed the war crimes facility in 1958. Control of the prison was then handed over to the Federal Republic of Germany.
The most famous prisoner of Landsberg Prison was Adolf Hitler who was locked up here in 1924, one year after he was found guilty of treason linked to the Beerkellerputsch. It was during this imprisonment that he wrote his book Mein Kampf.