Places of Interest nearby
Location address: España, Madrid
Number of texts: 1
The Valle de los Caídos (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈbaʎe ðe los kaˈiðos], “Valley of the Fallen”) is a Catholic basilica and a monumental memorial in the municipality of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, erected at Cuelgamuros Valley in the Sierra de Guadarrama, near Madrid, conceived by Spanish general Francisco Franco to honor and bury those who fell during the Spanish Civil War. It was claimed by Franco that the monument was meant to be a “national act of atonement” and reconciliation. The Valley of the Fallen, as a surviving monument of Franco’s rule, and its Catholic basilica remain controversial, particularly since 10% of the construction workforce were convicts, some of whom were Popular Front political prisoners.