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Callanish Stones

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Archeological site
Location type: Archeological site
Number of texts: 4
5 stars
Made by Dromos | Reference Richard Mudhar
Made by Dromos | Reference Wikipedia

The Callanish Stones or Callendish Standing Stones were constructed between 2900 and 2600 BC. The first written reference to the stones was by Lewis native John Morisone, who in c. 1680 wrote that “great stones standing up in ranks [...] were sett up in place for devotione”. It has been speculated, among other theories, that the stones form a calendar system based on the position of the moon. Professor Alexander Thom suggested that the alignment of the stone avenue (when looking southward) pointed to the setting of midsummer full moon behind a distant mountain called Clisham. The tallest of the stones marks the entrance to a burial cairn where human remains have been discovered. An excavation campaign in 1980 and 1981 showed that the burial chamber was a late addition to the site, and that it had been modified a number of times.

 

Linked characteristics: Peculiar, Did you know...
Linked themes: Archeology

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Made by Dromos | Reference
Made by Dromos | Reference Wikipedia

Linked to the standing stones of Callanish, there are plenty of legends. Local tradition says that giants who lived on the island refused to be converted to Christianity by Saint Kieran and were turned into stone as a punishment. Another local belief says that at sunrise on midsummer morning, the “shining one” walked along the stone avenue, “his arrival heralded by the cuckoo’s call.” This legend could be a folk memory recalling the astronomical significance of the stones.

Linked characteristics: Did you know..., Child friendly
Linked themes: Legends and myths

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Made by Dromos | Reference
Made by Dromos | Reference Wikipedia

In 1984, the new romantic band Ultravox used an image of the stones on the cover of their album Lament. They also used the scenery to record the video of One Small Day, first single taken from that album. In 1988 Jon Mark released a CD, The Standing Stones of Callanish, intended to evoke Britain’s celtic legacy.

Linked themes: Music

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