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Location address: United Kingdom, Carlisle
Number of texts: 4
The Siege of Carlisle took place during the Jacobite Rising of 1745–46 after Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie) was forced to retreat north back into Scotland. As the retreat was totally against his will, he left a small force of 400 men to garrison Carlisle mainly consisting of members of the English Jacobite regiment called the Manchester Regiment, so that Charles could say that he at least held one town in England for his hoped-for return. The Jacobite garrison left to hold Carlisle surrendered to overwhelming Hanoverian forces under the Duke of Cumberland.
The siege and capture of Carlisle was an important event of the 1745 to 1746 Jacobite Uprising. Jacobite forces loyal to Prince Charles Edward Stuart captured the city of Carlisle and Carlisle Castle on 14 - 15 November 1745.
The Siege of Carlisle (1315), was a conflict in the First War of Scottish Independence. Robert the Bruce, after his victory at the Battle of Bannockburn, had led a raid into England, and went to besiege Carlisle. He used all methods he could, including ladders and a siege tower to get his troops up. But many ladders were knocked down and the siege tower got stuck in mud on the banks of the river Eden which surrounded all the castle that was not enclosed within the city Walls. (the course of the river was changed at some point in the 19th century). the Castle was under Andrew Harclay, 1st Earl of Carlisle. Andrew was a brilliant commander, added to that the defenses on the Walls which included many scorpions among other defenses. Robert was driven off with heavy casualties finally giving up when the siege tower got stuck.
After the storming of Newcastle in October 1644, General Alexander Leslie, 1st Earl of Leven returned with part of the Scottish army into Cumberland and besieged Carlisle. The garrison and the townsmen were put on short allowance by the end of February 1645, but did not surrender until 25 June 1645.