The Polish Military Museum has en Engma machine on display. Biuro Szyfrów or the "Cipher Bureau" broke the German Enigma machine cipher and, over the next nearly seven years before World War II, overcame the growing structural and operating complexities of the plugboard-equipped Enigma. The Enigma would be the main German cipher device during the Second World War.
Kurt Gödel, the famous mathematician who made an immense impact upon scientific and philosophical thinking in the 20th century, was born in the city of Brno in 1906. Gödel is best known for his two incompleteness theorems, published in 1931 when he was 25 years of age.
Wilhelm Schickard, inventor of the first calculating machines, was educated at the University of Tübingen. He studied theology and oriental languages at Tübingen until 1613. In 1613 he became a Lutheran minister continuing his work with the church until 1619 when he was appointed professor of Hebrew at the University of Tübingen. Later on he was also appointed professor of astronomy. His research was broad and included astronomy, mathematics and surveying. He invented many machines such as one for calculating astronomical dates and one for Hebrew grammar. He made significant advances in mapmaking, producing maps which were far more accurate than those which were previously available at the time.
Wilhelm Schickard died of the bubonic plague in Tübingen, October 24 in 1635.
Arthur Scherbius, the inventor of the Enigma machine, is born in Frankfurt-am-Main in 1878. The Enigma machine has been used to generate ciphers for the encryption and decryption of secret messages in World War II.
It was in this neighbourhood that Ada Lovelace, daughter of Lord Byron, died in 1852, at the age of 36. She is today considered as the "first programmer" since she was writing programs for Charles Babbage's computer.
Also Charles Babbage died in this neighbourhood in 1871.
The Science Museum shows a copy of the Difference engine of Charles babbage. it is considered as one of the first computers. In 1991 a perfectly functioning difference engine was constructed from Babbage's original plans.
The science museum also shows a water clock of Al-Jazari, a Muslim scholar, inventor and mechanical engineer who designed one of the first computers in 1206.
The birthplace of Charles Babbage is disputed, but he was most likely born in 44 Crosby Row, Walworth Road, on 26 December 1791. You can find a blue plaque on the junction of Larcom Street and Walworth Road commemorating the event.
The mathematician Kurt Gödel and his wife Adele spent the summer of 1942 in Blue Hill. Gödel was taking a vacation from Princeton University. During this holiday Gödel discovered essential aspects on his proof for the independence of the axiom of choice from finite type theory.
John von Neumann worked at the Institute For Advanced Study in Princeton. He was invited here in 1930. From 1930 till his death in 1957, he was professor of mathematics here. Here he worked with Albert Einstein and Kurt Gödel.
John von Neumann is buried on the Cemetry of Princeton. He died in 1956. John von Neumann was diagnosed with cancer, possibly caused by exposure to radiation during his witnessing of atomic bomb tests he worked on.
The United States National Cryptologic Museum is a museum of cryptologic history, affiliated with the National Security Agency (NSA). It has one of the first computers, the U.S. bombe used to decrypt the German Enigma machine during Wolrd War II..
John von Neumann died in the Walter Reed Army Medical Center a year and a half following the diagnosis of cancer. The cancer was probably caused by the radiation he got during the test of the atomic bomb explosion of the Manhattan project.
Herman Hollerith, one of the godfather of computers, developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards in order to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. He died on November 17, 1929 of a heart attack and was buried in the Oak Hill Cemetery.
Large-scale automated data processing of punched cards was performed for the U.S. Census in 1890 by tabulating machines designed by Herman Hollerith and manufactured by the Computing Tabulating Recording Corporation, which later became IBM.
Los Alamos is home to the Los Alamos National Laboratory, which was founded to undertake the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was the project to develop the first atomic weapon during World War II. The scientific research was directed by American physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer. A principal member was John von Neumann.