This building was newly built in 1891 when Sigmund Freud moved here. The previous building on the site, once the home of Victor Adler, an Austrian politician, a leader of the labour movement and founder of the Social Democratic Workers' Party (SDAP), had been torn down. Here he lived for 47 years and produced the majority of his writings, now house a documentary centre to his life and works. The influence of psychoanalysis on art and society is displayed through a program of special exhibitions and a modern art collection. The museum consists of Freud's former practice and a part of his old private quarters. Attached to the museum are Europe's largest psychoanalytic research library, with 35,000 volumes, and the research institute of the Sigmund Freud Foundation. The display includes original items owned by Freud, the practice's waiting room, and parts of Freud's extensive antique collection. However his famous couch is now in the Freud Museum in London, along with most of the original furnishings, as Freud was able to take his furniture with him when he emigrated. A third Freud Museum, after London and Vienna, was started in the Czech town of Píbor in 2006 when the house of his birth was opened to the public.
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