Kalkriese is a village now administratively part of the city of Bramsche in the district of Osnabrück, Lower Saxony, Germany. It is on the northern slope of the Wiehen Hills, a ridge-like range of hills, north of Osnabrück. Kalkrieser Berg or Schmittenhöhe, a hill with an altitude of 157 m , is considered by archaeologists to be the likely site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest.
The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest , described as clades Variana by Roman historians, took place in the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and decisively destroyed three Roman legions and their auxiliaries, led by Publius Quinctilius Varus. The anti-Roman alliance was led by Arminius, an officer of Varus' auxiliary forces who had acquired Roman citizenship and received a Roman military education.
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