Groothusen is an old Langwurtendorf - a village on an artificially-built ridge - in the municipality of Krummhörn in western East Frisia on Germany's North Sea coast. It lies about 15 kilometres northwest of the seaport of Emden and has a population of 474 . The ridge or warf has a length of about 500 metres and a width of some 130 metres and was built to raise the village above the water level should flooding from the sea occur e.g. during a storm tide.
According to the urbarium from Werden Abbey, the village was first mentioned in the year 1000 under the name Husum, but it had probably been established in the 8th century. Based on excavations carried out locally it can be inferred that it was probably a Wikdorf or trading post. It was laid out on a creek that discharged into the so-called "Bay of Sielmönken" which has since completely silted up.
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