The Palais Bretzenheim is a historical building located in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg in the South Western part of Germany. It is located near the Mannheim Palace on the University of Mannheim's campus. The Palais was built between 1781 and 1788 according to the plans of the court architect Peter Anton von Verschaffelt and belongs to the most important historical buildings of Mannheim's nobility. Originally, the Palais hosted the four children of Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria and his mistress Josepha Seyffert as well as accommodated Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart for a limited time teaching the elector's children how to play the piano. Today, the Palais houses parts of the district court Mannheim.
The building covers the whole southern part of the square A2. The large frontside opposing the Mannheim Palace has 21 windows and three floors. The three middle arbors are bulged and incorporate a continuous balcony. The center window carries the official seal of the Family Heydeck-Bretzenheim.
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