The Eppingen lines were a fortified defensive line, which stretched from Weißenstein near Pforzheim via Mühlacker, Sternenfels, Eppingen to Neckargemünd in southern Germany. It had a total length of 86 kilometres.
The French king, Louis XIV. made claims to the inheritance of Liselotte of the Palatinate . She had married Duke Philip of Orleans, the brother of Louis XIV. This conflict resulted in the War of the Palatine Succession. The Eppingen lines were built between 1695 and 1697 under Margrave Louis William of Baden, also known as "Turkish Louis", using socage labour, in order to prevent French raids during the Palatine succession crisis . Louis William of Baden understood the geographical advantage and the need for a state line of defence . The location of the Eppingen lines had the benefit that the terrain could be held even against a stronger enemy.
Copyright: CC 3.0