The Herzburg was a castle that near the county town of Altenkirchen that stood on the long hill spur between Gieleroth, Widderstein, Ingelbach and Borod. Archaeological monuments and place names give clues to the earlier settlement. The River Wied flows around this hilltop which is strategically located between the old "Cologne-Frankfurt Road" and the old Cologne-Leipzig road . The two routes are combined from Cologne to Altenkirchen and then branch out. The Cologne-Leipzig road is also called the Cologne High Military and Escort Road from Cologne to Greifenstein/Herborn on the Lahn.
The mineral wealth beneath the Herzberg and the proximity of the two "High Roads" suggest that the region was inhabited in prehistoric times. A prehistoric tumulus was not removed until 1935 by the Arbeitsdienst . The rampart section, which was to protect the ridge from enemies, is still visible clearly.
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