Bilzingsleben is located on the northern border of the Thuringian trough , an area formed of triassic Keuper stone. Because of a local hercynian fault-line there are numerous wells in the area. North of Bilzingsleben are the mountains of Kyffhäuser, Hainleite and Schmücke that consist of sandstone and limestone deposits. The site itself is 1.5 km south of the village of Bilzingsleben, district Sömmerda at 175 m N. N. in an ancient travertine quarry called Steinrinne. The travertines have been quarried since early modern times; the wall of the nearby town of Kindelbrück, for example, was constructed from this material.
Fossil bones had already been found in the 16th century. In 1710 David Siegmund Büttner published a book called "Rudera diluvii testes i.e. Zeichen und Zeugen der Sündfluth" . In 1818 Freiherr Friedrich von Schlotheim found a human skull covered by lime concretions. It is lost today. In 1908 the mineralogist Ewald Wüst from the University of Halle-Wittenberg published concerning the first flint artifacts. Adolf Spengler began working in Bilzingsleben in 1922.
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