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Location address: Deutschland, Frankfurt am Main
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The Battle of Höchst saw a Habsburg Austrian army under François Sébastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Count of Clerfayt outmaneuver a French Republican army led by Jean-Baptiste Jourdan. At Höchst, the French attacked but were unable to dislodge an Austrian flanking column. Afterward Jourdan’s army retreated to the north. The clash happened during the War of the First Coalition, part of a wider conflict known as the French Revolutionary Wars. The district of Höchst is located within the city limits of Frankfurt in the state of Hesse in Germany. Höchst is about 12 kilometers west of the Frankfurt city center.
In 1795 the French employed two independent armies in thrusts across the Rhine. After winning a bridgehead on the east bank, the northern French army under Jean-Baptiste Jourdan advanced south to the Main River. At this point, the commander of the southern French army, Jean-Charles Pichegru proved uncooperative. This allowed Clerfayt to move the bulk of the Austrian forces against Jourdan. Clerfayt crossed the Main to the east, gaining a dangerous position on the French left flank. After being repulsed at Höchst, the French withdrew northward, eventually abandoning the east bank of the Rhine altogether. The next actions were the Siege of Mannheim starting on 19 October and the Battle of Mainz on 29 October.