The Church of San Juan Bautista or San Juan Bautista de Baños de Cerrato is an ancient stone Visigothic church dedicated to St John the Baptist in the town of Baños de Cerrato, ancient Balneos, in the province of Palencia, in central Spain. It is one of the earliest and most complete survivals of Visigothic architecture, founded in the 7th century.
The church is located in the fertile Pisuerga River valley, near the confluence with the Carrión River. The nearby town of Venta de Baños is presently larger and more important than Baños de Cerrato. In Roman times, the area was devoted to vacationing and relaxation, with many private villas dotting the landscape. In Roman times as under the Visigoths, this was an important grain-producing region.
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