Galerie nationale du Jeu de Paume was used from 1940 to 1944 to store Jewish cultural property looted by the Nazi regime in France.
The museum was visited by high ranking Nazi officials such as Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring.
Some of the art was destined for the Fuehrermuseum in Linz, while the Nazis attempted to sell so-called ''degenerate art'' (modern art unworthy in the eyes of the Nazis) on the international art market. Unsold art (including works by Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali) were destroyed on a bonfire in the grounds of the Jeu de Paume on night of 27 July 1942.
There is still a memorial plaque on the wall.