In 1543, Landrecies was besieged by English and Imperial forces, who were repulsed by the French defenders. In 1794, it was besieged by Dutch forces, who captured it. It is the site of a skirmish between the British I Corps under Douglas Haig and the German First Army on 25 August 1914.
It is the birthplace of Joseph François Dupleix, known as the conqueror of India for Louis XIV, king of France.
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