The Harbour of Honfleur was the principal seaport in northwestern France for six centuries, until Le Havre was built about five kilometres (three miles) downstream in the sixteenth century to take advantage of anchorages less prone to siltation.
It was here that Henry V landed, as described in the famous play of William Shakespeare, on his way to the battle of Agincourt. Henry's army landed in northern France on 13 August 1415 and besieged the port of Harfleur with an army of about 12,000. The siege took longer than expected. The town surrendered on 22 September, and the English army did not leave until 8 October. From here he went to port of Calais, the English stronghold in northern France, where they could re-equip over the winter.