Since its foundation, Caen has always been an important cultural centre. The Université de Caen was founded in 1432. Early 19th century, the Abbaye-aux-Hommes became the seat of a secondary school which was to replace the Écoles Centrales du Calvados, de la Manche et de l’Orne. This new school opened on 20 July 1804 with one hundred students.
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