South Uist is the second-largest island of the Outer Hebrides in Scotland. At the 2011 census, it had a usually resident population of 1,754, a fall of 64 since 2001. There is a nature reserve and a number of sites of archaeological interest, including the only location in Great Britain where prehistoric mummies have been found. The population is about 90% Roman Catholic. The island, in common with the rest of the Hebrides, is one of the last remaining strongholds of the Gaelic language in Scotland. In 2006 South Uist, and neighbouring Benbecula and Eriskay, were involved in Scotland's biggest community land buyout to date. In the northwest, there is a missile testing range. Its inhabitants are known in Gaelic as Deasaich .
The west is machair with a continuous sandy beach, whilst the east coast is mountainous with the peaks of Beinn Mhòr 620 metres and Hecla 606 metres . The main village on the island is Lochboisdale , from which ferries sail to Oban on the mainland and to Castlebay on Barra. The island is linked to Eriskay and Benbecula by causeways. Smaller settlements include Daliburgh , Howmore and Ludag.
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