Heligoland is a small German archipelago in the North Sea. The islands were at one time Danish and later British possessions.
The islands are the only German islands not in the immediate vicinity of the mainland. They lie approximately 69 kilometres by sea from Cuxhaven at the mouth of the River Elbe. During the period of British possession, the lyrics to the song known as "Deutschland über alles", which became the national anthem of Germany, were written on the island by August Heinrich Hoffmann in 1841, while he was vacationing there .
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