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A city walk in Paris from E to W, visting the major locations and buildings
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The Bastille was built as the Bastion de Saint-Antoine during the Hundred Years' War. After the war, it was reused as a state prison. It largely held common criminals as well as people imprisoned for religious reasons and those responsible for printing or writing forbidden pamphlets. People of high rank were sometimes held there too. But the secrecy maintained around the Bastille and its prisoners gave it a sinister reputation.
The confrontation that led to the people of Paris storming the Bastille on 14 July 1789 resulted from the fact that gunpowder and arms had been stored there, and the people demanded access to these.
The French national holiday, celebrated annually on 14 July is officially the Fête Nationale, and officially commemorates the Fête de la Fédération, is also known as Bastille Day.
On top, you see the Génie de la Liberté, showing the torch of civilisation and the remains of his broken chains.
The Jardin des Plantes maintains a botanical school, which trains botanists, constructs demonstration gardens, and exchanges seeds to maintain biotic diversity.
A large Art Deco wintergarden, and Mexican and Australian hothouses display regional plants, not native to France.
Clovis established a Merovingian palace on the island, which became the capital of Merovingian Neustria.
The Île de la Cité remains the heart of Paris. All road distances in France are calculated from the "zero kilometer" point located in the Place du Parvis de Notre-Dame, the square facing Notre-Dame's west end-towers.
The last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, Jacques de Molay, was burned at the stake on the Île de la Cité near the Pont Neuf, on 18 March 1314. The execution was ordered by Philippe le Bel (Philip the Fair).
At the point where the bridge crosses the Île de la Cité, there stands a bronze equestrian statue of Henri IV.
Since its opening in 1998, the Stade de France has become a popular touring venue for high-profile recording artists such as The Rolling Stones, Johnny Hallyday, Celine Dion, , Tina Turner, AC/DC, Bruce Springsteen, Paul McCartney, U2, George Michael, The Police, Madonna, Johnny Hallyday, Depeche Mode,...
The Ritz family sold the hotel to Egyptian businessman, Mohamed Al-Fayed. On August 31, 1997, Dodi Al-Fayed and his companion, Diana, Princess of Wales, had visited the Ritz when they crashed in the nearby Pont de l'Alma road tunnel.
The hotel became a favorite of many of the world's wealthiest people, including Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Marcel Proust, King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, Iranian leader Reza Shah, Rudolph Valentino, Charlie Chaplin, Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Maurice Chevalier, Jean-Paul Sartre, Elton John, plus couturier Coco Chanel who made the Ritz her home for more than thirty years.
The Place Vendôme Column at the center was erected by Napoleon to commemorate the battle of Austerlitz.
The museum was visited by high ranking Nazi officials such as Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring.
Some of the art was destined for the Fuehrermuseum in Linz, while the Nazis attempted to sell so-called 'degenerate art' (modern art unworthy in the eyes of the Nazis) on the international art market. Unsold art (including works by Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali) were destroyed on a bonfire in the grounds of the Jeu de Paume on night of 27 July 1942.
There is still a memorial plaque on the wall.
The gallery is on the bank of the Seine in the old orangery of the Tuileries Palace on the Place de la Concorde near the Concorde metro station.
Now, the center of the Place de la Concorde is occupied by a giant Egyptian obelisk decorated with hieroglyphics exalting the reign of the pharaoh Ramses II. It is one of two the Egyptian government gave to the French in the nineteenth century. The other one stayed in Egypt, too difficult and heavy to move to France with the technology at that time. In the 1990s, President François Mitterrand gave the second obelisk back to the Egyptians.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt staeyd here as he made his way on an inspection tour in 1918. President Woodrow Wilson and the entire American delegation stayed at the Crillon in 1919. Other American Presidents who called the Crillon a temporary home were Theodore Roosevelt, Herbert Hoover and Richard Nixon.
Other famous customers were Joseph P. Kennedy family , George V of the United Kingdom, Hassan II of Morocco, Japan's Emperor Hirohito, Jacqueline Onassis, Barbara Hutton, Charlie Chaplin, Porfirio Rubirosa, Orson Welles, Elizabeth Taylor, and Tyrone Power, Axl Rose, Allan Bloom, Saul Bellow, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Mariah Carey, Roger Federer, Placido Domingo, Madonna, and Lance Armstrong stayed here after his Tour de France wins.