Braunschweig ; Low German: Brunswiek [ˈbrɔˑnsviːk]), also called Brunswick in English, is a city of 252,768 people , located in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated north of the Harz mountains at the furthest navigable point of the Oker river, which connects to the North Sea via the rivers Aller and Weser.
A powerful and influential centre of commerce in medieval Germany, Braunschweig was a member of the Hanseatic League from the 13th until the 17th century. It was the capital city of three successive states: the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel , the Duchy of Brunswick and the Free State of Brunswick .
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