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Location address: Italia, Piacenza
Number of texts: 2
The Battle of Trebbia or the Napoleonic battle of river Trebbia was fought on 17–20 June 1799 near the Trebbia River in northern Italy during the joint campaign of the Russian and Austrian troops of about 30,000 men against the French army of 33,000 to 35,000 men. The battle resulted in the victory of the combined forces of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Russian Empire under Field Marshal Suvorov against the French army under General Etienne-Jacques-Joseph-Alexandre MacDonald. According to the Russian sources, French lost 16,000 men, and the allies only 6,000 men. The numbers however, might differ from contemporary western sources.
The Battle of the Trebia (or Trebbia) was the first major battle of the Second Punic War, fought between the Carthaginian forces of Hannibal and the Roman Republic in December of 218 BC, on or around the winter solstice. It was a resounding Roman defeat with heavy losses, and yet some 10,000 and more Romans, over 2.5 legions, were victorious on their part of the battlefield and retreated with honor to Placentia (Piacenza). In this battle Hannibal got the better of the Romans by exercising the careful and innovative planning for which he was famous. The impetuous and short-sighted opposing general, the consul Tiberius Sempronius Longus, allowed himself to be provoked into a frontal assault under physically difficult circumstances and failed to see that he was being led into a trap.