Places of Interest nearby
Location address: United Kingdom, Tower Hamlets
Number of texts: 7
Elizabeth was born in Greenwich Palace on 7 September. During 1554 she became a prisoner in the Tower of London on the orders of her half-sister Mary. It is said that on her release she had a meal in a Mark Lane tavern and gave thanks at the church of All Hallows Staining, of which only the tower remains. Elizabeth was welcomed as the new queen at Highgate in November 1558. The Bishop of Ely was ordered to let part of his property to her favourite Christopher Hatton where he built a house in 1577. There are the remains of a cherry tree in the corner of the Mitre Tavern around which the queen is said to have danced. There is a plaque at Deptford Strand marking where Francis Drake was knighted by the queen on return from his voyage. Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge (actually built in 1543) stands on Rangers Road in Chingford. This timber framed building which would have overlooked Epping Forest became a house in 1666 and was acquired by the Corporation of London in 1878. The Tudor palace of Hampton Court is open to the public. Elizabeth’s death on 24 March at Richmond Palace is recorded on a plaque in Old Palace Lane. She was taken to Whitehall and buried in Westminster Abbey where she has a white marble effigy. There is also a figure of her in the Abbey’s Undercroft Museum and a statue outside St Dunstan’s in the West Church in Fleet Street.
Linked themes: History
Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress, known as the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078, and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 (Ranulf Flambard) until 1952 (Kray twins), although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard the Lionheart, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.
Explorer Sir Walter Raleigh married his wife secretly without permission of Queen Elizabeth I. Being her maids of honour, that was enough for Sir Walter Raliegh to get sentenced to time in the Tower of London. But the marriage appears to have been a genuine love-match and survived the imprisonment.
The Tower of London is often identified with the White Tower, the original stark square fortress built by William the Conqueror in 1078. However, the tower as a whole is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. The tower’‘s primary function was a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison (particularly for high status and royal prisoners, such as the Princes in the Tower and the future Queen Elizabeth I). It has also served as a place of execution and torture, an armoury, a treasury, a zoo, the Royal Mint, a public records office, an observatory, and since 1303, the home of the Crown Jewels of the United Kingdom.
The Tower of London is a famous fortress and prison originally commissioned by the first Norman king, William the Conqueror.
The Liberties of the Tower, or the Tower Liberty, was a liberty around and including the Tower of London. It was outside the jurisdiction of the City of London and the County of Middlesex, with its own county government. The area of the liberty expanded in 1686. It became part of the County of London in 1889 and was dissolved in 1894.
Near the Tower of London was the Flemings’ Church yard. It was a cemetery for poor Flemings who died around 1500 in London. At that time there were about 10 000 Flemings in London. Many came here for a better life.