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Castel del Monte

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Fortress
Location type: Fortress
Location address: Italia, Barletta-Andria-Trani, Andria
Number of texts: 5
5 stars
Made by Dromos
Made by Dromos

Castel del Monte or Castle of the Mount was constructed during the 1240s by the Emperor Frederick II. The site is protected as a World Heritage Site. One theory states that the octagon is an intermediate symbol between a square (representing the earth) and a circle (representing the sky). Frederick II may have been inspired to build to this shape by either the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, which he had seen during the Sixth Crusade, or by the Palace Chapel of Aachen Cathedral.

Linked characteristics: Peculiar
Linked themes: World heritage

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Made by wikipedia.org | Reference MatthiasKabel | © CC 3.0
Made by wikipedia.org | Reference Wikipedia.org | © CC 3.0

Castel del Monte (Italian for “Castle of the Mountain”; Barese: Castídde d’u Monte) is a 13th-century citadel and castle situated in Andria in the Apulia region of southeast Italy. It stands on a promontory, where it was constructed during the 1240s by the Emperor Frederick II, who had inherited the lands from his mother Constance of Sicily. In the 18th century, the castle’s interior marbles and remaining furnishings were removed. It has neither a moat nor a drawbridge and some considered it never to have been intended as a defensive fortress; however, archaeological work has suggested that it originally had a curtain wall. Described by the Enciclopedia Italiana as “the most fascinating castle built by Frederick II”, the site is protected as a World Heritage Site. It also appears on the Italian version of the one-cent euro coin.

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Made by Dromos
Made by Dromos

Central to the plot of Umberto Eco’s novel The Name of the Rose is an old fortress known as the ‘Aedificium’. This was almost certainly inspired by Castel del Monte.

Linked characteristics: Did you know...
Linked themes: Literature, Industry

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Made by Dromos

Did you know that soil around the castle was discovered to contain a bright red compound produced by a strain of the bacterium Streptomyces peucetius. Scientists named the drug Daunorubicin and further development identified a related compound Doxorubicin that finds use as a chemotherapeutic agent used to treat cancer.

Linked themes: Science

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Made by Dromos | Reference Guido Radig
Made by Dromos

Castel del Monte

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