The Kreuzberg is a hill in the Kreuzberg locality of Berlin, Germany, in former West Berlin. It rises about 66 m above the sea level. It was named by King Frederick William III of Prussia after the Iron Cross which crowns the top of the Prussian National Monument for the Liberation Wars, designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel, on its inauguration on 30 March 1821. On 27 September 1921 the borough assembly of the VIth borough of Berlin decided to name the borough after the hill. The borough was subsequently downgraded to a locality in 2001,
Former names of the Kreuzberg were Sandberg , Runder Berg or Runder Weinberg , Tempelhofer Berg and corrupted Templower Berg , Götzens Berg or Götzescher Berg , Kreutzberg and Kreuzberg . Since the 1850s the hill was also nicknamed Monte Cruce or Monte Croce.
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