With Deutsche Bahn's purchase of British transport group Arriva in 2010, the European Commission ruled that Deutsche Bahn would have to shed Arriva's German operations in order to comply with competition rules. The new owners, Italian state railways FS and Cube, a French-Luxembourg investment fund, renamed the company as Netinera in March 2011.
In 2005 Arriva bought Sippel which operates buses in Frankfurt, Mainz, Wiesbaden and Erlangen. It went to buy Verkehrsbetriebe Bils in 2006, which operates buses in Münster, Warendorf and Hamm and later in the year it acquired Neißeverkehr which operates buses in the Neiße region.
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