The Rock of Solutré , is a limestone escarpment 8 km west of Mâcon overlooking the commune of Solutré-Pouilly and an iconic site of the Saône-et-Loire, in the south of the Bourgogne in France. Protected by the French law on sites classés and currently at the heart of a Grand Site National operation, it draws its fame severally as a rare geological phenomenon of the region, as a prehistoric site of the eponymous Solutrean paleolithic culture, and for the natural environment which its summit provides, the pelouse calciole grassland of Mâcon, with its distinctive flora and fauna. Occupied by man for at least 55,000 years, it is also the cradle of the Pouilly-Fuissé wine appellation. It has attracted media coverage since the 1980s when French President François Mitterrand started to make ritual ascents of the peak once per year.
In the Mesozoic era warm seas extended over the region, of which many fossil remains can be readily observed. The Roche de Solutré, like its neighbour the Rock of Vergisson, was created from fossilized coral plateaux which appeared approximately 160 million years ago in these seas.
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