Marlborough MAWL-bər-ə, MARL-) is a market town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. The town is on the River Kennet, 24 miles north of Salisbury and 10 miles south-southeast of Swindon.
The earliest sign of human habitation is the Marlborough Mound, a 62-foot-high prehistoric tumulus in the grounds of Marlborough College. Recent radiocarbon dating has found it to date from about 2400 BC. It is of similar age to the larger Silbury Hill about 5 miles west of the town. Legend has it that the Mound is the burial site of Merlin and that the name of the town comes from Merlin's Barrow. More plausibly, the town's name possibly derives from the medieval term for chalky ground "marl"—thus, "town on chalk". However more recent research, from geographer John Everett-Heath, identifies the original Anglo-Saxon place name as Merleberge, with a derivation from either the personal name of Mærle combined with beorg , or meargealla beorg: hill where gentian grows. On John Speed's map of Wiltshire , the town's name is recorded as Marlinges boroe. The town's motto is Ubi nunc sapientis ossa Merlini .
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Marlborough, Wiltshire, United Kingdom
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