The Cathedral of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto or Duomo of Saint Sebastian or Duomo of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, exact full name Minor Basilica of Saint Sebastian, is in Piazza Duomo and the main façade faces in Roma Street. It is the largest of the churches of Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto, Italy and in the province, second only to the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta Messina. The engineer Barbaro nephew of Monsignor Barbaro directs the work performed by the firm Fratelli Cardillo, collaborated in the construction of the Shrine of Christ the King, a contemporary work of the Cathedral of Saint Sebastian.
The cult of Saint Sebastian in many centers of Sicily dates back to 1300, when the martyr of Narbonne, originally from Milan and who was considered the protector against epidemics of bubonic plague, encouraged the construction of many churches. The cult took root in the village of "Barsalona" on the west side of the river Longano and fraction of Castroreale around 1500, replacing the then patron St. Nicholas of Bari. St. Sebastian's miraculous survival despite the many perforating arrows was transposed onto a figure who became the holy intercessor against outbreaks of disease. The Black Death assailed the island in 1347, 1449, 1524, and 1575 - 1578.
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