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Swiss mathematician and physicist Leonhard Euler was born in Basel in 15 April 1707.
In 1735 he solved the famous Basel problem (a famous problem in number theory). The problem is named after Basel, hometown of Euler as well as of the Bernoulli family, who unsuccessfully attacked the same problem.
Euler established a deep connection between π and the prime numbers solving the Basel Problem.
The notation of Pi as π became popular after Leonhard Euler adopted it in 1737. Although the first use was noted in William Jones' book A New Introduction to Mathematics from 1706.
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