Marseille (/mɑrˈseɪ/; French: [maʁ.sɛj] ( listen), locally: [mɑχˈsɛjə]; Occitan: Marselha [maʀˈsejɔ, maʀˈsijɔ]; also Marseilles in English), known in antiquity as Masalia, Massalia or Massilia (from Greek: Μασσαλία; probably adapted from a pre-existing language related to Ligurian) is the second largest city in France, after Paris, with a population of 853,000 within its administrative limits on a land area of 240.62 km2 (93 sq mi). It is the third largest urban area and metropolitan area after Lyon with a population of around 1.6 million. Located on the southeast coast of France, Marseille is France's largest city on the Mediterranean coast and largest commercial port. Marseille is the capital of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, as well as the capital of the Bouches-du-Rhône department. Its inhabitants are called Marseillais in French and Marselhés in Occitan.
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