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Location address: Italia, Siracusa, Siracusa
Number of texts: 2
Syracuse was the birthplace of mathematician, engineer, scientist and astronomer Archimedes, inventor of the Archimedes screw. He was also known as Archimedes of Syracuse.
Archimedes died here according to some in 212 BC. Plutarch stated that Archimedes was contemplating a mathematical diagram when the city was captured. A Roman soldier commanded him to come and meet General Marcellus but he declined, saying that he had to finish working on the problem. The soldier was enraged by this, and killed Archimedes with his sword.
Syracuse (/ˈsɪrəˌkjuːs, -ˌkjuːz/; Italian: Siracusa pronounced [siraˈkuːza] ( ); Sicilian: Sarausa; Latin: Syracusæ; Ancient Greek: Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; medieval Greek: Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city in Sicily, the capital of the province of Syracuse. The city is notable for its rich Greek history, culture, amphitheatres, architecture, and as the birthplace of the preeminent mathematician and engineer Archimedes. This 2,700-year-old city played a key role in ancient times, when it was one of the major powers of the Mediterranean world. Syracuse is located in the southeast corner of the island of Sicily, right by the Gulf of Syracuse next to the Ionian Sea.