Sculpturer Artus Quellinus from Antwerp made in 1654 Caryatids for the courthouse of the townhall of Amsterdam, currently the Palace on the Dam. The symbol of the Caryatids goes back to a story in ancient Greece.
The town of Karyes in Greece chose the side of Persia during the war between Greece and Persia in the 5th century B.C. After the victory over Persia in Marathon, the Greeks took revenge against Karyes. They killed all the men and sold the women as slaves. Later on, Greek architects used the women of Karyes as decorative supports symbolising the slavery. Since the 4th century B.C., these were names Caryatids. The most famous example is the Erechtheion on the Acropolis of Athens.