The symmetrical Dutch Baroque building was designed by Jacob Roman and Johan van Swieten and was built between 1684 and 1686 for stadtholder-king William III and Mary II of England. The garden was designed by Claude Desgotz.
After the elder House of Orange-Nassau had become extinct with the death of William III of England in 1702, he left his estates in the Netherlands to his cousin Johan Willem Friso of the House of Nassau-Dietz in his Last Will. However, the King of Prussia claimed them, as he also descended from the Oranges, and the Houses of Orange and of Prussia had, a few generations before, made an inheritance contract. Therefore, most of the properties, including Het Loo, were in fact taken over by the Hohenzollerns, who never lived there. Johan Willem Friso's son, William IV, Prince of Orange, finally received Het Loo Palace, as well as Huis ten Bosch palace in The Hague, from Frederick William I of Prussia in 1732.
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