Nida was an ancient Roman town in the northwestern suburbs of today's Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was at the time of the Roman empire capital of the Civitas Taunensium. The Roman town was on the edge of the Wetterau region in the northwest of the present city of Frankfurt am Main, in the district of Frankfurt-Heddernheim. The first traces of a temporary Roman settlement date to the reign of Emperor Vespasian in the years 69 to 79. Traffic routes throughout the Rhine-Main-Area came together here, so the Romans placed various garrisons. Traces of eleven military camps have been found, but most of them had a more temporary nature. The most solid was camp A, which was abandoned around 100. But it formed the core for the town which evolved around it. Nida probably housed 10 000 people an was one of the biggest Roman settlements in the area enclosed by the Limes. It had a market, big baths, city walls and a theater. Nida was finally evacuated in 259-260 in the face of invading Alamanni though newer researches on found coins show that there might have been people living in the city up until 275. The name of the settlement is known thanks to written sources from Roman times and probably derives from the name of the adjacent river Nidda. Little is seen today of the city due to the large-scale building of residential areas in the 1970ies. Remains of two pottery ovens, a well, and a little portion of the city walls survived this. The various finds are mostly in the archaeological museum of Frankfurt.
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Frankfurt am Main