It consists of a large housing estate of about 17,000 apartments with chains of high-rises up to 18 floors that were built from 1964 to 1974 by the GeSoBau Gesellschaft für sozialen Wohnungsbau . Originally a part of Wittenau, it became an officially recognized locality of its own in 1999.
To the east it shares its border with the Rosenthal and Wilhelmsruh localities of the Pankow borough, from which it was separated by the Berlin Wall until 1989. In 2003 Märkisches Viertel had about 36,000 inhabitants.
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