The district of Swabia is located in southwest Bavaria. It was annexed by Bavaria in 1803, part of the historic region of Swabia and formerly ruled by dukes of the Hohenstaufen dynasty. During the Nazi period, the area was separated from the rest of Bavaria to become the Gau Swabia. It was re-incorporated into Bavaria after the war.
The Regierungsbezirk is subdivided into 3 regions : Allgäu, Augsburg, and Donau-Iller. Donau-Iller also includes two districts and one city of Baden-Württemberg.
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