The Malmedy massacre trial was held in May–July 1946 in the Dachau concentration camp to try the German Waffen-SS soldiers accused of the Malmedy massacre of December 17, 1944. The highest-ranking defendant was the former SS general Sepp Dietrich.
The Malmedy massacre was a series of atrocities committed by members of Kampfgruppe Peiper of the Waffen-SS against American prisoners of war and Belgian civilians during the Battle of the Bulge. Though the main massacre nearest Baugnez resulted in the murder of over 80 American POW and was the primary subject of the eventual trial, it was only one of a series of atrocities and executions committed by Kampfgruppe Peiper between mid-December 1944 and mid-January 1945. In total, over 750 POWs were murdered, mostly executed at close range by gunshots to the head .
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