The Golden Mile was an Allied POW camp in 1945 on the fertile Rhine plain known as the Golden Mile near Remagen in Germany.
Towards the end of the Second World War, US troops established prisoner of war camps along the River Rhine for the detention of German soldiers. During the conquest of the Rhineland 250,000 German soldiers were captured and, following the destruction of the Ruhr Pocket, another 325,000 joined them. From mid-April 1945 around 660,000 Germans were held in these camps. After the collapse of the Western Front, the Americans – themselves suffering from supply shortages – had to accommodate and care for German prisoners of war as well as two million of their own soldiers. The so-called Rheinwiesenlager were intended as transit camps, offering temporary accommodation for the prisoners. The Golden Mile was one of these camps.
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