The Falkenstein lies southeast of the small town of Tambach-Dietharz in Schmalwasser bottom and is the most important rock formation in the Thuringian Forest in central Germany. It consists of porphyry . On the valley side the crags are 96 metres high. Because of its situation on the side of a hill ) it appears most striking when one stands immediately in front of it.
The area, which is near the Rennsteig climbing path, has a very montane climate due to its height. The Falkenstein was first climbed in 1852 by the Tambach glassmaker, Jacob Zimmermann. Since then it has become a rock climbing site with climbing routes of varying grades. The rock is best reached on foot or bicycle by taking the road from Tambach-Dietharz which runs along the Schmalwassergrund past the Schmalwasser Reservoir - a distance of about 10 kilometres . At the foot of the Falkenstein there is a mountain rescue hut.
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