Schwarzbach is a village situated in the Ore Mountains in Saxony, Germany. Together with Hermannsdorf and Burgstädtel it is part of the town Elterlein.
The name 'Schwarzbach' means 'Black Stream' in German. First mentioned as "Swartzpach" in a document in 1240, the background of the name is vague. One assumption is that there was a peat-cutting site in the village that dyed the water of the stream black. Others say that in former times the forest reached until the streambank so the water appears black.
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