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Location address: France, Basse-Normandie
Number of texts: 1
The Duchy of Normandy grew out the 911 treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte between King Charles III of West Francia and Rollo, leader of the Vikings, known as Northmen, or Nortmanni in Latin. The duchy was established under Richard II in c. 996, and from 1106 to 1204 it was held by the Anglo-Norman Plantagenet kings of England. Normandy was conquered by Philip II of France in 1204 and remained disputed territory until the Treaty of Paris of 1259, when the English sovereigns ceded their claim, except for the Channel Islands.