After two wars (in 1674 when Louis XIV of France took the city from the Spanish, and in 1814 when Austria declared war on Napoleon I), the French military decided to build a fort on Bregille hill, to defend the old city of Besançon. This hill is higher than the principal fortification of the city, the citadel of Besançon. Because the hill's strategic position had been used against the city in the past, the necessity for a real military defense there had become evident, and so the fort was built. In 1831, the king Louis Philippe I visited the building. The fort of Bregille wasn't utilised in the Franco-Prussian War or World War I, because the Franche-Comté was saved from these wars. During World War II, the fort reception anti-aircraft battery. After the war, the building is reserved for the associations. Now, the inside of the fort can't be visited because it is in use by the police and by an animal protection society, but hikers may view the ramparts, and the hill provides a panorama view of the town.
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