The Diocese of Bolzano-Brixen is a Catholic diocese in northern Italy, with its seat in the city of Bolzano. Its territory corresponds with that of the province of South Tyrol with its predominantly German-speaking population. It is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Trento.
The present-day diocese was created by a papal bull of 6 August 1964, when the South Tyrolean parts of the Trento archdiocese around Bolzano and Merano were merged into the former Diocese of Brixen. In turn, the Austrian parts of the Brixen diocese around Feldkirch, Vorarlberg were at first allocated to the Diocese of Innsbruck and elevated to the Diocese of Feldkirch in 1968; the Ladin districts of Fodom and Anpez passed from Brixen to the Diocese of Belluno. At the same time the episcopal see was moved to Bolzano, where the Assumption of Mary parish church was elevated to a co-cathedral, while the chapter remained in Brixen.
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