Castle of Penela is located in a Penela town in Penela Municipality in Coimbra District, Portugal. The castle was built on a hill dominating the area and used to be a stronghold protecting Coimbra in times of Reconquista. Castle of Penela and the neighboring castle Montemor-o-Velho are both fine examples of defensive structures of that period.
The origins of the name are controversial and are attributed by some authors to ancient Celtic tribes. According to a local legend, King Afonso I exclaimed to incite his troops storming the stronghold: Coragem! Já estamos com o pé nela! . A more plausible hypothesis is, however, that penela is a diminutive of penha, a place selected to build a fortress on.
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