Santa Bárbara Castle is a fortification in the center of Alicante, Spain. It stands on Mount Benacantil .
Bronze Age, Iberian, and Roman artifacts have been found on the slopes of the mountain, but the origins of the castle date to the 9th century at the time of Muslim control of the Iberian Peninsula, from 711 till 1296. The Arab medieval geographer Al-Idrisi calls this mountain Banu-lQatil, and the toponym may derive from the words pinna and laqanti, adjectival form of Laqant, the Arabic name for Alicante.
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